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Used for centuries in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine, the Neem tree is called Azadirachta indica in Latin, and is also known as “Indian Lilac.” One Sanskrit word for Neem is “arista,” meaning perfect and complete. Ancient Ayurvedic texts refer to Neem as “nimba,” referencing the phrase “nibati systhyamdadati,” meaning, “to give good health.” Neem has been called the wish fulfilling tree,” and “Pinchumada,” or, “destroyer of leprosy.” 

Evidence of Neem’s use dates as far back as 5000 BC. According to Science Direct, “Neem is a renewable resource of various useful domestic and agricultural products, including cattle feed, medicines, soap, nitrification inhibition, slow nutrient release manure, fuel, energy, pest control, and others.”

Neem grows in India, Pakistan, China and Africa. Every part of the tree, including bark, leaves, and fruit, are used for medicinal purposes — neem oil, extracted from the seeds, has traditionally been used to treat skin infection, and the benefits of the ancient practice of chewing dried neem twigs has been confirmed by modern science. Research has identified Neem’s strong antimicrobial activity — one study reports that a mouth rinse made from Neem is as effective as chlorhexidine in reducing periodontal disease. Some scientists have proposed that Neem be used to develop anti-microbial fabric for clothing.

Neem: A Biochemical Powerhouse

While Neem contains thousands of chemical constituents, among the most important are terpenes, a huge category of plant-produced organic compounds. Terpenes account for the strong odor of plants like pine, clove, ginger, and cinnamon, and are the basis for most plant and flower essential oils. Terpenes give tomatoes their red color, and sunflower petals their gold. 

More than 70 different terpenoids, or terpenes, have been identified in different parts of the Neem tree.

More than 70 different terpenoids, or terpenes, have been identified in different parts of the Neem tree. These organic chemicals account for Neem’s insect repelling characteristic, and explains why Neem has been traditionally used to make topical bug repellent and natural insecticide. According to Medical News Today, “Neem is a strong antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals that may influence the development of some conditions.”

One single Neem terpenoid, beta-caryophyllene, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and pain-reducing benefits. Another, linalool, has been shown to have anticonvulsant, anti-seizure characteristics. 

Neem for Immune Support

Science has identified Neem as an “immunomodulator,” meaning that it supports the innate immune’s system ability to self-regulate — either up, in times of defense, or down, to avoid over-activity that can lead to what is known as a “cytokine storm,” when the immune system becomes dysregulated.

Research suggests that “the ethanol extract of neem leaves showed in vitro antibacterial activity against both Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA. Another study reported that Neem has a hepatoprotective, or liver-protective characteristic in rats as efficient as milk thistle, and one research paper concluded that Neem leaf extract, “Promoted wound healing activity.”

Neem in Ayurveda

From the Ayurvedic perspective, Neem is seen as having antibacterial and antifungal properties, and is classified as a “cooling” herb. Most herbs used for activating the body’s systems tend to be “warming,” but Neem’s cooling properties calm the fiery Pitta dosha, acting as an anti-inflammatory when the body has too much heat.

Neem is often incorporated into “panchakarma” detoxification programs as Ayurvedic practitioners believe that Neem works to clean the blood and liver at deep levels — some assert that it is capable of removing heavy metals from the body. That said, always consult an Ayurvedic practitioner prior to embarking on internal cleansing. 

Psoriasis is a frustrating skin condition for which Western medicine has not found a cure. While there are drugs available to manage the symptoms and slow the overgrowth of skin cells, but nothing has been discovered to stop the disease. 

Psoriasis is classified as an “auto-immune” condition that causes an aggressive over-production of skin cells that creates scaling and bumps on the skin’s surface. Auto-immune conditions are believed to be the result of the immune system producing “friendly fire,” by attacking the body’s tissues. Psoriasis is associated with diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and inflammatory bowel disease. 

Ayurvedic medicine views psoriasis as an impairment or imbalance of the Vata and Kapha doshas, and suggests purification therapies to treat the conditions. One study found that a group of patients demonstrated a 53 percent cure rate with internal use of Neem and Tulsi combined with external application of Neem, Tulsi and Henna. Thirty-three percent of the same group did not have a definitive cure, but showed significant improvement — the researchers concluded that given more time, they would have seen a higher cure rate. 

Because of Neem’s cooling, antiseptic, and antibacterial characteristics, it’s an excellent choice for facial masks for acne and inflammation.

Neem for Skincare: Facial Masks

Because of Neem’s cooling, antiseptic, and antibacterial characteristics, it’s an excellent choice for facial masks for acne and inflammation. Many believe using Neem topically also discourages blackheads. Below are two options for at-home Neem facial treatments.

Neem Mask for Oily Skin and Acne

  • Start with a good clay mask such at Aztec Secret Indian Healing Clay (budget priced), Origins Skin Retexturizing Mask (for sensitive skin), or Kiehl’s Rare Earth Deep Pore Cleansing Mask (made with Amazonian white clay). 
  • Open four capsules of ORGANIC INDIA Neem and empty into a bowl.
     
  • Add a few teaspoons of water to the Neem — just enough to make a paste — and mix it with enough clay mask to cover the face. If using the Aztec Secret Healing clay, add the dry Neem powder to a few tablespoons of the dry clay, then add small amounts of water to make a paste of the desired consistency — thick enough to stay where you put it, but thin enough to smooth over the skin. 
  • If you are allergy prone, spot-test the mask on the inside of the arm below the elbow, watching for redness or irritation as the mask dries.
  • Smooth the paste over the entire face (avoiding the eye area), or spot-treat problem areas. 
  • Allow to set for 12 to 15 minutes — longer, if desired. If you have sensitive skin that is prone to drying, don’t leave the mask on for more than 8 or 9 minutes, and consider using the Origins mask for sensitive skin noted above. You can also keep the application to areas with enlarged pores and/or breakouts rather than the entire face. 
  • Rinse thoroughly with lukewarm water, then moisturize.

Avocado Neem Mask — Healthy Fats for Dry Skin

With Vitamin E to soften and reduce scarring, and chlorophyll to combat inflammation, this Avocado Neem mask is a weapon in any anti-aging skincare arsenal. It’s also a good way to use up slightly overripe avocados.   

  • Mash a ripe avocado with a fork
  • Open and empty three to four ORGANIC INDIA Neem capsules to the mashed avocado.
  • Optional: Add a few drops of your favorite face oil such as organic Rosehip Oil or organic Japanese Camellia Seed Oil.
  • Combine all ingredients well. 
  • As with the mask above, if you are allergy prone, spot-test the mask on the inside of the arm below the elbow, watching for redness or irritation.
  • Apply to face (avoiding the eye area) and keep a towel nearby as avocado is prone to slipping and sliding.
  • Relax for 20 minutes or so, then rinse and moisturize.

References and Resources

Therapeutics Role of Azadirachta indica (Neem) and Their Active Constituents in Diseases Prevention and Treatment

An in-vitro Study on the antibacterial Effect of Neem Leaf Extract on Methicillin-Sensitive and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

Gingivitis and antiplaque effect of neem mouthrinse on plaque-induced gingivitis

Neem leaf aqueous extract on paracetamol induced liver damage in rats. 

The Wound Healing Effects of Aqueous Leave Extracts of Azadirachta Indica on Wistar Rats

Aqueous extract of neem leaves in treatment of Psoriasis vulgaris

Therapeutic Applications of Azadirachta Indica: An Overview

Azadirachta Indica – An Overview

Enhancement of immune responses to neem leaf extract (Azadirachta indica) corrolates with antineoplastic activity in BALB/c-mice

Clinical Study on Evaluation of the Effect of Neem, Tulsi and Henna on Psoriasis